The EU and British Prime Minister Johnson are sure they have negotiated a "great" new deal. In dry cloths, however, the regulated Brexit is far from it. What's next? The most important questions and answers at a glance.
After agreeing with the European Union on a new Brexit agreement, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has to face parliament in London. He wants the United Kingdom to leave the EU on 31 October. After the EU leaders have already agreed, the EU Parliament must now give the green light. Above all, Johnson has to convince the MPs in the House of Commons in London. For this reason, the British are planning a special meeting since 1982 on a Saturday – at that time it was about the Falklands war against Argentina.
When exactly does the lower house come together?
The MEPs meet on Saturday for the special session at 10.30 am (CEST). Johnson will give a speech, followed by a 90-minute debate. Then it will vote. By October 31, a law would have to be passed to ratify the agreement.
What is being discussed?
The Brexit. Johnson has stated that he has agreed to a "great" new agreement with the EU. Should these be accepted by the deputies, the head of government could proceed with his resignation plan. But its own government does not have its own majority. The Conservative-allied Northern Irish Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) has stated that it does not support the new agreement. Even the opposition Labor Party, the Scottish National Party (SNP) and the Liberal Democrats want to vote against it.
If Johnson loses both a deal on the deal and a Brexit without a deal, then he is required by law to to ask the EU in writing for more negotiating time. The Brexit would then be postponed until January 31, 2020. The government has assured that it will abide by this law, which aims to prevent a no-deal Brexit. At the same time, she said that the country would definitely leave the EU on 31 October. Johnson has not set out how he wants to go these two quite obviously opposite steps.
What about a second referendum?
MPs who are against the new agreement , could use the debate on Saturday to gain support for a second referendum on a Brexit. To do this, they could add a supplement to any request Johnson makes and request a vote on it. Labor would vote in such a case for a second referendum, was reported from party circles. Although a majority of MPs would vote for a second referendum, this would not be binding on the government. But it would be a democratic expression of will that would be difficult to ignore.
What do the majorities look like?
The head of government needs at least 318 of the 650 seats in the lower house to win. The number is lower than the absolute majority of 326 seats. The reason for this is that the seven deputies of the Irish nationalist Sinn Fein are not taking their mandate. In addition, the President of the Parliament and his three deputies (the four speakers) do not vote, and the votes of the four so-called tellers who help with the vote count are not counted.
Johnson's Conservative Party has no majority and is also disagree, which is the best way to Brexit. The Tories currently have 288 MPs, most of whom are likely to vote with their party and government leaders. But there is a group of around 80 parliamentarians among them who are still dissatisfied with the agreement because they are not deep enough to break with the EU. The hard core of these Brexit hardliners has around 28 MPs.
The DUP has ten MPs. She has so far supported the minority government of Johnson and his predecessor Theresa May. At Brexit, the DUP says it can not vote for the new agreement. How the DUP deputies end up could also affect some conservatives.
What is unclear is the voting behavior of the 21 Conservative exiles Johnson had expelled from the party in September because he had lost his plan at any cost October 31 to carry out the Brexit, did not want to contribute. Former minister Amber Rudd, who left cabinet and party in protest against a no-deal Brexit cabinet, also sits with the Independents.
Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn has said his party rejects the agreement. When asked if he wanted to use the planned special session for a motion of no confidence in Johnson, Corbyn said that the Brexit agreement was being debated over the weekend. Other topics would come next week. Labor has 244 mandates. Among the Labor MPs is a handful of MPs who explicitly oppose the party line for Brexit. Added to this are some 20 Labor MEPs who are in favor of leaving the EU, but only with one agreement. Johnson is hoping to get a majority in favor of these Labor rebels.
Most of the other MPs are expected to vote against the agreement. These include 35 SNP MPs, 19 Liberal Democrats and 45 other minor party representatives, as well as independent mandate holders.
Have there been any previous votes?
The House of Commons has three times against one Brexit agreement voted on: 15 January, 12 March and 29 March. At that time, however, the deal negotiated by May with the EU was put to the vote.